Alternative investments, such as hedge funds and private equity/private debt funds, are not appropriate for all investors and are only open to accredited or qualified investors within the meaning of the U.S. securities laws. They are speculative and involve a high degree of risk that is appropriate only for those investors who have the financial sophistication and expertise to evaluate the merits and risks of an investment in a fund and for which the fund does not represent a complete investment program. While investors may potentially benefit from the ability of alternative investments to potentially improve the risk/reward profiles of their portfolios, the investments themselves can carry significant risks. There may be no secondary market for alternative investment interests, and transferability may be limited or even prohibited. Hedge fund strategies, such as Equity Hedge, Event Driven, Macro, and Relative Value, may expose investors to risks such as short selling, leverage, counterparty, liquidity, volatility, the use of derivative instruments, and other significant risks.