Bar chart tracking commodity bull and bear market performance and demonstrating that commodity cycles have been shortening.
Y-axis: Return (%); x-axis: 1803 – 2020.
The average commodity bull market returned 247% over 15.9 years; the average commodity bear market lost 59% over 20 years. Table lists returns.
|Years||Commodity market performance||Return (%)|
|1803 – 1814||Bull||74%|
|1815 – 1842||Bear||-62%|
|1843 – 1863||Bull||208%|
|1864 – 1895||Bear||-71%|
|1896 – 1920||Bull||270%|
|1920 – 1932||Bear||-66%|
|1933 – 1951||Bull||332%|
|1951 – 1971||Bear||-39%|
|1971 – 1980||Bull||250%|
|1980 – 1998||Bear||-46%|
|1999 – 2008||Bull||292%|
|2008 – 2020||Bear||-73%|
Sources: Bloomberg, Prices by G.F. Warren and F.A. Pearson, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Research, and Wells Fargo Investment Institute. Monthly data from January 1, 1803 to September 30, 2021. Commodity return represented by a commodity composite that measures a basket of commodity prices as well as inflation. It blends the historical commodity index introduced by George F. Warren & Frank A. Pearson, former academics at Cornell, collected and published commodity price data in their book, Prices, and the producer price index for commodities (PPI-Commodities), and the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Index of Wholesale Prices of 15 Commodities, the Reuters Continuous Commodity Index, and the Bloomberg Commodity Index. The Commodity Composite connects the aforementioned components at the following years: Warren and Pearson – Prices: 1803-1932, BLS PPI-Commodities: 1933-1946, NBER: 1946-1956, Reuters Continuous Commodity Index: 1956-1999, Bloomberg Commodity Index : 1999- current. The Reuters Continuous Commodity Index is an equal-weighted geometric average of commodity price levels relative to the base year average price. Bloomberg Commodity Index is calculated on an excess return basis and reflects commodity futures price movements. The index rebalances annually, weighted two-thirds by trading volume and one-third by world production, and weight-caps are applied at the commodity, sector, and group level for diversification. An index is unmanaged and not available for direct investment. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investing in commodities is not suitable for all investors. The commodities markets are considered speculative, carry substantial risks, and have experienced periods of extreme volatility.
Super cycle = If you look at commodity prices over the very long term (hundreds of years), it becomes evident that they tend to move in overall bull and bear cycles, some lasting decades. These are super cycles.
- Commodities have tended to move together in super cycles lasting a decade or more. These cycles have gradually shortened in length over time. The 2008–2020 bear super cycle is tied for the second shortest on record.
- We believe a new bull super cycle started in 2020, marked by washed-out prices (crude oil prices turned negative).