Bar chart shows P/E ratios supported at various interest rate ranges.
Y-axis: Median trailing price-to-earnings (P/E); x-axis: Nominal 10-year interest rate. Table lists data. Average P/E was 17.
|Nominal 10-year interest rate||Median trailing price-to-earnings (P/E)|
|Less than 2%||20.0|
|Greater than 10%||9.3|
Sources: Bloomberg and Wells Fargo Investment Institute. Monthly data from January 1, 1963 to February 28, 2022. The average price to earnings was calculated using the S&P 500 index from 1963 – 2021. The S&P 500 Index is a market-capitalization-weighted index considered representative of the U.S. stock market. Inflation represented by the Consumer Price Index. The Consumer Price Index measures the average price of a basket of goods and services. An index is unmanaged and not available for direct investment. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
- Higher nominal interest rates have tended to contribute to lower price-to-earnings (P/E) multiples.
- We do not expect meaningful declines in P/E multiples, which have historically not declined until rates have reached significantly higher levels.